My Blog

Posts for: August, 2021

By Arizona Foot & Ankle Specialists, LLC
August 18, 2021
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Morton’s Neuroma  
Mortons NeuromaAre you experiencing a sharp, burning pain between your toes that gets worse when walking or standing? Do you notice tingling or numbness in the toes, or pain and swelling on the soles of the feet? If so, you could be dealing with a condition known as Morton’s neuroma that causes thickening of the nerves between the toes. If you suspect that you might have Morton’s neuroma, a podiatrist will be the ideal doctor to turn to for treatment.

Are neuromas dangerous?

It’s important not to confuse a neuroma with Morton’s neuroma. A neuroma is a benign growth that develops on the nerves; however, Morton’s neuroma is not a growth; it’s simply inflammation and swelling of the tissue around the nerves that lie between the toes (often between the third and fourth toes).

What causes Morton’s neuroma?

Any kind of intense pressure or compression placed on these toes can lead to inflammation of the tissue around the nerves. Some people are more at risk for developing Morton’s neuroma. Risk factors include:
  • Playing certain sports such as running or tennis, which puts pressure on the balls of the feet
  • Wearing high heels with a heel that’s more than 2 inches tall
  • Wearing narrow shoes or shoes with pointed toes
  • Certain foot conditions such as bunions or hammertoes
  • Flat feet or high arches (or other congenital foot problems)
What are the signs of Morton’s neuroma?

Since this condition involves inflamed tissue, you won’t notice a growth or bump in the area; however, you may simply experience pain that is gradual and minor at first and is alleviated by not wearing shoes. Symptoms often get worse with time and result in:
  • Swelling between the toes
  • A sharp burning pain between the toes that gets worse with activity
  • Tingling or numbness in the foot
  • Feeling like there is a pebble or stone in your shoe (often at the balls of the feet)
  • Pain that’s intensified by standing on your tiptoes or wearing high heels or pointed-toe shoes
How is this foot problem treated?

Most people can alleviate their symptoms through simple lifestyle modifications including:
  • Icing
  • Rest
  • Massaging your feet
  • Shoe pads
  • Custom shoe inserts (that a podiatrist can craft just for you)
  • Supportive footwear that offers shock-absorption
  • Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Steroid injections
  • Local anesthetic injections
Any persistent or severe foot pain or swelling, along with numbness or tingling, should be addressed right away by a podiatrist. There are many conditions, some serious, that can cause a lot of these same symptoms and a podiatrist will be able to provide an immediate and accurate diagnosis for your symptoms.

By Arizona Foot & Ankle Specialists, LLC
August 10, 2021
Category: Foot Issues
Tags: Heel Pain  

Introduction:

Heel pain is one of the most common conditions we treat here at Arizona Foot and Ankle Specialists. Heel pain can result from many heel paindifferent causes. These may include local inflammation to the plantar fascia; a long thick ligament to the bottom of your foot, lower back problems, or some rheumatologic problems. But most common causes of plantar heel pain are plantar fasciitis, atrophy to the plantar fat pad (cushion), calcaneal stress fracture, or entrapment of the nerves around the heel area.

Risk factors:

  • Obesity

  • Sudden increase in activity

  • Inappropriate footwear

  • Biomechanical abnormalities

  • Trauma

Common findings:

Most commonly if plantar fasciitis is the main component of heel pain, pain exacerbates with activity after a period of rest. This phenomenon is referred to as post kinetic dyskinesia. If you are experiencing sharp pain to the bottom aspect of heel, with activity after a period of rest, you may have a component of plantar fasciitis. Similar symptoms maybe experienced due to other problems such as fat pad atrophy, tarsal tunnel syndrome, lower back radiculopathy, or some systemic cause. It is very important that a thorough and proper evaluation is performed in order to identify the main root of symptoms and then develop an appropriate and personalized treatment plan.

Evaluation:

Through physical exam, with proper history, is required for a proper diagnosis. At Arizona Foot and Ankle Specialists, we perform a detailed examination and may order laboratory work or advanced imaging to properly diagnose heel pain.

Imaging:

Part of your visit for heel pain will involve taking x rays in our office. On x rays there may or may not be a bone spur to the bottom aspect of the heel bone. Bone spurs are usually NOT the cause of heel pain. Instead, bone spurs result as response to increased tension to the bone (in this case heel). Presence of bone spurs usually means chronic tension from the plantar fascia.

Treatment:

Once the cause of your heel pain is identified, we design a personalized treatment plan. Every patient and every heel pain are different. Therefore, we design a personalized treatment plan for every patient. What worked for one patient in resolving their heel pain, does not mean will work for another patient. There are multiple ways to treat heel pain. Some of the treatment options available at Arizona Foot and Ankle Specialists include:

Conservative care:

  • Personalized stretching program

  • Orthotic management (prefabricated-medical grade, and custom options are available)

  • Corticosteroid therapy

  • Physical therapy

  • Shoe gear change and recommendation

  • Brace therapy

  • EPAT (shockwave therapy)

  • Anti-inflammatories

  • Activity modification

Surgical:

  • We offer Both traditional open vs. Minimally invasive surgical options. Surgical procedure is determined based on the severity of the problem.

Conclusion:

Heel pain is one of the most common conditions seen at Arizona foot and ankle specialists. Plantar fasciitis is not always the cause of heel pain and that’s why it is very important that the etiology of heel pain is identified and only then a personalized treatment plan can be created. At Arizona foot and ankle specialists, we provide individual care and personalized treatment plans for every patient.

References

1. Malahias MA, Cantiller EB, Kadu VV, Müller S. The clinical outcome of endoscopic plantar fascia release: A current concept review. Foot Ankle Surg. 2020 Jan;26(1):19-24.

2. Al-Boloushi Z, Gómez-Trullén EM, Bellosta-López P, López-Royo MP, Fernández D, Herrero P. Comparing two dry needling interventions for plantar heel pain: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial. J Orthop Surg Res. 2019 Jan 25;14(1):31. 

3.Orhurhu V, Urits I, Orman S, Viswanath O, Abd-Elsayed A. A Systematic Review of Radiofrequency Treatment of the Ankle for the Management of Chronic Foot and Ankle Pain. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2019 Jan 19;23(1):4.

4.Moroni S, Zwierzina M, Starke V, Moriggl B, Montesi F, Konschake M. Clinical-anatomic mapping of the tarsal tunnel with regard to Baxter's neuropathy in recalcitrant heel pain syndrome: part I. Surg Radiol Anat. 2019 Jan;41(1):29-41. 

5.Kim TH, Lee JK, Sung HK, Kim BH, Song YS, Sung IH. Radiologic features in symptomatic/asymptomatic heels of patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Int J Rheum Dis. 2019 Feb;22(2):222-227.